Slovak Christmas Bread  (Kolacky)

Basic Bread Dough

7 cups bread flour, sifted
7/8 cups sugar
1/2 T salt
1/2 lb butter
3 1/4oz yeast packets
2 cups warm milk
3 eggs, beaten

  1. Dissolve yeast in 3/4 cup warm water with 3t sugar. Let stand 20 minutes. Use a large bowl, this will expand.
  2. Mix flour, sugar, salt and butter until crumbly. Use big spaghetti sauce pot, dough will expand.
  3. Pour yeast over flour, then add warm mild and eggs.  Blend well and knead for 10 minutes. Cover.


  1. For the first batch, set oven to 100 degrees and put dough in for 2 hours.
  2. After oven is being used for baking, put dough on top of stove for 2 hours.
  3. Punch down and knead for 1 minute
  4. Divide dough into 10 balls, let stand 15 minutes

Making Rolls:

  1. Roll out each ball to 8"x10", roll inside edge thinner
  2. Spread filling out thicker in middle, thinner closer to edges
  3. Roll up longer side to make 8" long roll. Fold ends over and seal
  4. With runny filling like plum, better to have seam on top
  5. Punch holes with a fork in top of roll nice and deep
  6. Place rolls against each other, 4 to a cookie sheet
  7. Bake at 350 degrees for 45 minutes, cover with foil after 30 minutes, more for apple
  8. Brush lightly with melted butter
  9. Cool on wire rack

Poppyseed Filling
about 5 rools

1 lb ground poppyseed
2 cups sugar
1/4 lb butter - melted

  1. Mix poppyseed, melted butter and sugar in a pot, add enough water to moisten, start with 1/2 cup.
  2. Cook until sugar is dissolved
  3. Don't leave stove for 1 second - this will burn the minute you stop stirring.
  4. Cool before using
  5. May need to add a bit of water to loosen before speading

Nut Filling
about 3 rolls

This nut filling is from the Frugal Gourmet's recipe for Romanian Walnut Crescents

4 tablespoons butter or margarine
1/2 pound walnuts, ground
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 cup milk
1 teaspoon vanilla  - add after cooking

In a saucepan, place the butter, ground nuts, sugar, and milk and cook until thick, stirring to prevent sticking. add the vanilla. Cool before using on the dough.

Apple Filling

Thinly sliced apples, about 2 per roll

Spread out the apple slices on the dough. Sprinkle with sugar, cinnamon and raisins.

Plum Filling (Lekvar)
about 6 oz per roll

I make my own lekvar, click here for the recipe.

Apricot Filling
about 6 oz per roll

I make my own apricot butter, click here for the recipe.

Shopping List

Here is a general shopping list for 30 loaves of bread:

10 lb bread flour
1 lb ground poppyseed
1 lb ground walnuts
3 lb unsalted butter
9 1/4oz yeast packets
2 quarts milk
2 pints lekvar
2 pints apricot butter
8 apples
5 lb sugar

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